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Adopt a Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Breed

Picture: Kent and Donna Dannen


livestock, herding

Area of origin:


Original function:

cattle driving

Average size of male:

Ht: 10-12, Wt: 27

Average size of female:

Ht: 10-12, Wt: 25

Other names:


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    Friendliness towards dogs

  • Friendliness towards other pets

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    Friendliness towards strangers

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    Ease of training

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    Watchdog ability

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    Protection ability

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    Cold tolerance

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    Heat tolerance

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Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Temperament

Quick and quick-witted, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi has an active mind and body. He needs daily physical and mental exercise to be at his best in the house. He is devoted and willing to please, fun-loving, amiable and companionable. He is very good with children and can be reserved with strangers. Many bark a lot.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Care

The Pembroke loves to herd, he can do fine without herding, however. As long as he gets a moderate walk on leash or a good play and training session off leash in a safe area. He is physically able to live outdoors in temperate climates, but he is mentally far better suited to share his family's home and have access to a yard. Coat care consists only of brushing once a week to remove dead hairs.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dog Health

Major concerns: intervertebral disc disease, CHD
Minor concerns: epilepsy
Occasionally seen: vWD, skin fragility, PRA, lens luxation, urolithiasis
Suggested tests: hip, eye, (blood)
Life span: 11-13 years

Interested in the history of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed?

The Corgi was an essential helper to the farmers of South Wales. Although these little dogs specialized in herding cattle, nipping at their heels and then ducking under their kicking hooves, they were almost certainly also used in herding sheep and even Welsh ponies. Despite claims for the antiquity of the breed, it is difficult to trace the breed's origins or even authenticate its existence in early times. A Welsh cattle dog is mentioned in a book of the 11th century, however. Although he certainly shares his past with the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, the Pembroke was developed separately, in Pembrokeshire, Wales. As a hard-working dog, the corgi was out in the fields when many of the early dog shows were being held. Only in 1926 did a club form and the breed enter the show ring. The first exhibits were straight from the farm and aroused only modest attention. Breeders subsequently strove to improve upon the breed's inherent good looks and were rewarded with increased popularity. The obvious differences between the Pembroke and Cardigan were troublesome to judges. The Pembroke is smaller, with sharper features, a more foxlike expression and characteristically no tail. In 1934, the Cardigan and Pembroke corgis were divided into two separate breeds, after which the Pembroke soared in popularity. His appeal was heightened when he became the favorite of King George VI and, subsequently, Queen Elizabeth II. By the 1960s, the Pembroke had become one of the most popular pet breeds all over the world, but especially in Britain. This popularity has since waned slightly, but far more Pembrokes can be found herding in back yards than in farmyards today.

Copyright © 1998, 2005 by Barron's Educational Series, Inc. based on

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