Canine diabetes is a common condition. However, certain dogs are more prone to it than others. Risk factors for the disease include the following:
- Age: While the juvenile-onset version of the disease sometimes occurs in puppies, diabetes is more likely to appear in dogs 7 to 9 years old.
- Sex: Female dogs are twice as likely to develop the disease as males.
- Breed: Diabetes has been observed at higher rates in Australian Terriers, Bichon Frises, Cairn Terriers, Fox Terriers, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, Keeshonden, Poodles (toy, miniature and standard), Pugs, Samoyeds and Schnauzers (both miniature and standard).
- Health conditions: If your dog has pancreatitis or Cushing’s disease, she is at a higher risk for diabetes.
- Medications: Glucocorticoids and progestogens have a negative effect on insulin production in a dog’s body.
- Obesity: Obesity is a preventable risk factor. Reducing your dog’s weight through diet and exercise can help reduce her odds of getting diabetes and other serious health conditions.