Medication administered by your vet: Pain management is crucial for cats with feline stomatitis. Your vet will try to give your cat some relief through anti-inflammatory steroids. She may also prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection and reduce bacteria.
Because your cat’s mouth is so painful, your vet will most likely inject the initial doses. Follow-up appointments for medication may be necessary, until your cat is able to take it by mouth.
Medication administered at home: Once your cat is able to take medication at home, be sure to ask your vet for specific instructions for administering it, as your cat’s mouth will still be tender. Mixing the medication into wet food may make it easier for your cat to swallow. If he avoids taking the medication orally, be sure to call your vet.
Cleaning your cat’s teeth: Your vet will also want to give your cat a professional dental cleaning that includes cleaning the teeth under the gum line. After that, she’ll most likely recommend that you come back for periodic professional cleanings and also regularly brush your cat’s teeth at home (you will have to wait until your cat’s pain has subsided before you brush his teeth, however).
Surgery: In severe cases, your vet may want to surgically remove teeth and inflamed tissue. Some vets feel it is best to do extractions early in treatment, while others prefer to see how the cat responds to medication.
Fairly soon after the surgery, many cats are able to eat soft food, and once they’ve healed, manage to eat dry kibble. After they’ve recovered from oral surgery, most cats resume a normal, pain-free life.
Dietary supplements: If your cat has lost substantial weight, or if his health has been compromised due to his inability to eat properly during the illness, your vet may suggest dietary supplements. These may be given orally after your cat’s initial pain has subsided.
Feline stomatitis may be one of the most painful conditions a cat faces, but with early detection, effective treatment and regular dental care, your cat can resume a normal life.
Reiter, Alexander M., Dipl. Tzt., Dr. med. vet., Dipl. AVDC, Dipl. EVDC DVM InFocus “Feline stomatitis: How to treat a disease of unknown etiology.” (5/16/2011)
Nash, Holly. “Gingivitis and Stomatitis in Cats.” PetEducation, Doctors Foster and Smith. (5/16/2011)
Nielsen, David. “Stomatitis in Cats.” PetPlace. (5/16/2011)
Plotnick, Arnold, MS, DVM, ACVIM, ABVP. “Oral Agony.” (5/16/2011)
Animal Dentistry & Oral Surgery Specialists, LLC. “Feline Stomatitis.” (5/16/2011)