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Cockfighting Fact Sheet


1. What is cockfighting? Cockfighting is a centuries-old blood sport in which two or more specially bred birds, known as gamecocks, are placed in an enclosure to fight, for the primary purposes of gambling and entertainment. A cockfight usually results in the death of one of the birds; sometimes it ends in the death of both. A typical cockfight can last anywhere from several minutes to more than half an hour.

Cockfighting Fact Sheet (Including Sample Letter to Law Enforcement Agencies)


2. How does it cause animal suffering? The birds, even those who do not die, suffer in cockfights. The birds cannot escape from the fight, regardless of how exhausted or injured they become. Common injuries include punctured lungs, broken bones, and pierced eyes. Such severe injuries occur because the birds’ legs are usually fitted with razor-sharp steel blades or with gaffs, which resemble three-inch-long, curved ice picks. These artificial spurs are designed to puncture and mutilate.

3. Are there other concerns? Yes. Law enforcement raids across the country have revealed several disturbing facets of this so-called sport. Gambling is the norm at cockfights. Thousands of dollars can exchange hands as spectators and animal owners wager large sums on their favorite birds. The owners of birds who win the most fights in a derby (a series of cockfights) may win tens of thousands of dollars of presumably unreported income. Firearms and other weapons are common at cockfights, mainly because of the large amounts of cash present. In addition, cockfighting has been connected to other kinds of violenceeven homicide, according to newspaper reports.

Law enforcement officials have documented a strong connection between cockfighting and the distribution of illegal drugs. Drug enforcement agents often learn about animal fighting operations as a result of narcotics investigations. The presence of young children at cockfights is an especially disturbing element. Exposure to such brutality can promote insensitivity toward animal suffering and enthusiasm for violence.

4. Aren’t these birds natural fighters? While it is true that birds will fight over food, territory, or mates, such fights are generally only to establish dominance within a group (the pecking order) and seldom result in serious injury. This natural behavior is quite different from what happens in staged cockfights, where pairs of birds, bred for maximum aggressiveness (and sometimes given steroids or other drugs to make them more successful fighters) are forced to fight until a winner is declared.

5. Isn’t cockfighting part of our heritage? While it is true that cockfighting has been practiced for centuries in various countries, including the United States, “old” does not necessarily mean right or even acceptable. At one time the United States allowed slavery, lacked child abuse laws, and refused women the vote.

6. Is there a trend toward treating the crime of cockfighting more seriously? Yes. It is illegal in almost every state, and most states specifically prohibit anyone from being a spectator at a cockfight. Recently many states have increased the seriousness of a cockfighting charge from a misdemeanor to a felony. In addition, the federal Animal Welfare Act prohibits the interstate transport of birds for use in cockfights to states with laws against cockfighting. We encourage prosecutors to indict those involved in cockfighting not only on illegal gaming charges but also for conspiracy to commit a crime and illegal gambling.

7. What can I do to help stop cockfighting? If you live in one of the states or territories where cockfighting is still legal, please write to your legislators and urge them to ban it. If you live in one of the states where it is still only a misdemeanor, please write to your state legislators and urge them to make it a felony offense. (To find out how your state treats cockfighting, see State Cockfighting Laws below.)

We encourage you also to write letters to the media to increase public awareness of the dangers of cockfighting and to law enforcement officials to urge them to take the issue seriously. We have provided sample letters in this packet. You may want to display our cockfighting poster in your community; additional copies can be ordered from The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS).

If you suspect that cockfighting is going on in your own neighborhood, alert your local law enforcement agency and urge agency officials to contact The HSUS for practical tools, advice, and assistance.

Cockfighting is illegal in 47 states and the District of Columbia, but the federal Animal Welfare Act does not prohibit the interstate transportation of birds for fighting purposes. Twenty-seven states have made cockfighting a felony offense, 19 have made possession of birds for fighting a felony offense, and nine have made being a spectator at a cockfight a felony offense. This information is current as of August 2001.

Sample Letter to Law Enforcement Agencies

[Name of Sheriff/Police Chief]
[City, State, Zip]

Re: Illegal Animal Fighting

Dear [Sheriff/Chief Last Name]:

As you may be aware, there has been an increase in cruel and illegal cockfighting and dogfighting activities. For many years The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) has been extensively involved in efforts to end these crimes. In response to the high volume of calls for information and/or assistance from law enforcement agencies across the nation, The HSUS has prepared training materials to help these agencies respond effectively to animal fighting.

The HSUS offers courses in dealing with animal fighting that cover such topics as the background of animal fighting, relevant laws, gambling and other associated crimes, successful investigative techniques, use of informants and undercover operations, search warrants, and care and disposition of seized fighting animals.

For the safety of our community, I urge your agency to take animal fighting crimes seriously. If you believe your agency would benefit from this information, please visit The HSUS website at or or e-mail


[Your Signature]
[Your Name]
[Your Address]
[Your City, State, Zip]

Courtesy of
424 East 92nd St.
New York, NY 10128-6804
(212) 876-7700

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