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Adopt a Dachshund (Standard)

Dachshund (Standard) Dog Breed

Picture: Yann Arthus-Bertrand/Corbis


Scenthound,Terrier, Dachshund

Area of origin:


Original function:

flushing badgers

Average size of male:

Ht: 8-9, Wt: 11-32

Average size of female:

Ht: 8-9, Wt: 11-32

Other names:

Teckel (miniature: zwergteckel)

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    Friendliness towards dogs

  • Friendliness towards other pets

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    Friendliness towards strangers

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    Ease of training

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    Watchdog ability

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    Protection ability

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    Cold tolerance

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    Heat tolerance

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Dachshund (Standard) Dog Temperament

The Dachshund is bold, curious and always up for adventure. He likes to hunt and dig, tracking by scent and going to ground after game. He is independent but will join in his family's activities whenever given a chance. He is good with children in his own family. Some bark. The longhaired variety may be quieter and less terrier-like; the wires may be more outgoing. Some miniatures are more prone to be timid.

Dachshund (Standard) Dog Care

Although Dachshunds are active, their exercise requirements can be met with moderate walks on leash and games in the yard. The Dachshund is amenable to city life or apartment living, but he is still a hunter at heart and enjoys forays into the wilds. The smooth coat requires minimal grooming. The long coat requires brushing or combing once or twice weekly and occasional trimming of stray hairs. The wire coat requires brushing or combing about once a week, with occasional trimming of stray hairs and stripping to remove dead hair twice a year.

Dachshund (Standard) Dog Health

Major concerns: intervertebral disc disease
Minor concerns: KCS
Occasionally seen: diabetes, epilepsy, patellar luxation, deafness,
gastric torsion
Suggested tests: (eye)
Life span: 12-14 years
Note: Obesity is a major problem for the dachshund. Many dachshunds
tend to be overweight, which in turn predisposes them to
intervertebral disc disease.

Interested in the history of the Dachshund (Standard) dog breed?

Definitive evidence of the Dachshund as a breed isn't found until the 16th century, when reference was made to a "low crooked-legged" dog called a little burrow dog, Dacksel or badger dog. The modern name Dachshund means simply badger (dachs) dog (hund) in German. These tenacious hunters would follow their quarry, enter its burrow, pull it out and kill it. The Dachshund comes in three coat varieties and two sizes. The original Dachshunds were smooth-coated and arose from crosses of the bracke, a miniature French pointer, with the Pinscher, a vermin killer of Terrier type. Some 16th-century woodcuts provide evidence of longer-haired Dachshund-like dogs. It is also possible that smooth Dachshunds were later crossed with Spaniels and the German Stoberhund (a gun dog) to produce the longhaired variety. Mention is made of wire-coated Dachshunds as early as 1797, but these dogs were not carefully bred and most modern wires were created around the end of the 19th century by crossing smooth Dachshunds with German Wirehaired Pinschers and the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. Each of these varieties was best suited for hunting under slightly different terrain and climatic conditions, but all were tough, strong dogs capable of dispatching badgers, foxes and other small mammals. Before 1900, very small Dachshunds were kept for going to ground after small quarry, such as rabbits. Although some were simply runts, others were intentionally produced from crosses with Toy Terriers or Pinschers. Most of the resulting miniatures lacked Dachshund type, however. By 1910, stricter criteria were adopted for type, and each coat type was crossed with different breeds to achieve the best results: Smooths were bred with the Miniature Pinscher, longs with the Papillon and wires with the Miniature Schnauzer. The Dachshund has since found his real niche as a family pet, steadily rising in popularity to hold a place as one of the most popular hounds in America.

Copyright © 1998, 2005 by Barron's Educational Series, Inc. based on

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