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Adopt a Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dog Breed

Picture: Kent and Donna Dannen


livestock, herding

Area of origin:


Original function:

cattle driving

Average size of male:

Ht: 10.5-12.5, Wt: 30-38

Average size of female:

Ht: 10.5-12.5, Wt: 25-34

Other names:


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    Friendliness towards dogs

  • Friendliness towards other pets

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    Friendliness towards strangers

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    Ease of training

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    Watchdog ability

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    Protection ability

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    Cold tolerance

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    Heat tolerance

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Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dog Temperament

Fun-loving and high-spirited, yet easygoing, the Cardigan is a devoted and amusing companion. This is a hardy breed, capable of a day dodging cow kicks, so he is agile and tireless. At home he is well-mannered but inclined to bark. He tends to be reserved with strangers.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dog Care

The Cardigan needs a surprising amount of exercise for its size. His needs can best be met with a moderate walk or vigorous play session. He is a very good house dog and best when he is allowed access to both house and yard. His coat needs brushing once a week to remove dead hair.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi Dog Health

Major concerns: CHD
Minor concerns: PRA
Occasionally seen: urolithiasis, PRA
Suggested tests: hip, (eye), (DNA test for PRA)
Life span: 10-12 years

Interested in the history of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi dog breed?

One of the earliest breeds to come to the British Isles, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi was brought from central Europe to Cardiganshire, South Wales, centuries ago. His derivation is unknown, though he may have been influenced by the extinct English turn-spit dog, a short-legged, low-bodied dog used to turn spits in kitchens. Initially used as a family protector and even a helper in the hunt, he was only later that the Corgi found his true forte. In a time when the land available to tenant farmers was determined by how much acreage their cattle occupied, it was to the farmer's advantage to have scattered, far-ranging stock. Thus, a dog that would drive, rather than herd, the cattle was an invaluable aid, and the Corgi stepped right into this role, nipping at the cattle's heels and ducking their kicks. In fact the word Corgi is probably derived from cor (to gather) and gi (dog). The original Corgis were supposed to measure a Welsh yard (slightly longer than an English yard) from nose to tail tip, and in parts of Cardiganshire the breed was called the yard-long dog or ci-llathed. When the Crown lands were later divided, sold and fenced, the need for drovers was lost, and the corgi lost hlkis job. Kept by some as a guard and companion, nonetheless, it became a luxury that few could afford, and it became perilously close to extinction. Crosses with other breeds had been tried, but most were not particularly successful. The exception was the cross with the brindle herder present-day Cardigans are the products of this slight herder influence. The first Cardigans were shown around 1925. Until 1934, the Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh Corgis were considered one breed, and interbreeding between the two was common. The first Cardigans came to America in 1931, and the AKC recognized the breed in 1935. For some unknown reason, the Cardigan has never enjoyed the popularity of the Pembroke Corgi and remains only modestly popular.

Copyright © 1998, 2005 by Barron's Educational Series, Inc. based on

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